Sverdlovsk region from the Demidov time of the mining-factory civilization is «the supporting edge of the state, its earner and blacksmith», the largest industrial center of the country. Today, the industry of the region is a large diversified complex, the structure of which shows a high proportion of the basic industries — ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, mechanical engineering. In addition, the region has sufficiently developed the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, as well as the timber industry.
The region holds a leading position in the country in the production of freight cars, drilling rigs, and new generation trunk electric locomotives. In the Sverdlovsk region, there are many large companies whose brands are known around the world, such as EVRAZ Group, the largest producer of steel and metal, SUAL group, Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company (UMMC), Uralmashzavod, which is part of the «United Engineering Plants», «Pipe Metallurgical Company», «Uralvagonzavod», «Ural Optical and Mechanical Plant», «Machine-Building Plant named after M.I. Kalinin», «Uraltransmash», NGOs «Automatiki» and other companies.